Close Forgot password? Please put in your email: Send me my password! Close message Login This blog post All blog posts Subscribe to this blog post’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Subscribe to this blog’s comments through… RSS Feed Subscribe via email Subscribe Follow the discussion Comments Logging you in… Close Login to IntenseDebate Or create an account Username or Email: Password: Forgot login? Cancel Login Close WordPress.com Username or Email: Password: Lost your password? Cancel Login Dashboard | Edit profile | Logout Logged in as Admin Options Disable comments for this page Save Settings You are about to flag this comment as being inappropriate. Please explain why you are flagging this comment in the text box below and submit your report. The blog admin will be notified. Thank you for your input. There are no comments posted yet. Be the first one! Post a new comment Enter text right here! Comment as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments Comments by IntenseDebate Enter text right here! Reply as a Guest, or login: Login to IntenseDebate Login to WordPress.com Login to Twitter Go back Tweet this comment Connected as (Logout) Email (optional) Not displayed publicly. Name Email Website (optional) Displayed next to your comments. Not displayed publicly. If you have a website, link to it here. Posting anonymously. Tweet this comment Cancel Submit Comment Subscribe to None Replies All new comments Sumner Newscow report â€” The Wellington Recreation Commission is hosting the annualÂ Daddy-Daughter Date Night this Saturday. Â There will be a special “Once Upon A Time Fashion Show,” which will include finger foods, Â desserts for you and your beautiful dates, treat bags, a special keepsake photo, and a welcoming door gift.The event is $10 /Person Early Bird Registration and ends on Wednesday, February 25 at 5 p.m. It will be $15 per person on Thursday and Friday.Follow us on Twitter.
WASHINGTON — Iowa Republican Senator Joni Ernst is criticizing the Senate’s Democratic leader for comments he made at a rally outside the Supreme Court.Last week, Senator Chuck Schumer told protesters the two justices President Trump has appointed to the Supreme Court would face repercussions if they uphold a Louisiana law requiring abortion doctors to have admitting privileges at a hospital.“You know, he’s awfully good at pointing the finger at other people whether in the administration or congress for their lack of self-control,” Ernst said, “and here is the same thing coming from the Democratic leader of the United States Senate.”Republican Congressman Steve King called Schumer’s speech outside the Supreme Court “an awful thing.”“He was sending the harshest message I have ever heard from a member of congress to two members of the Supreme Court,” King said, “on the presumption that they were going to make a decision that he disagreed with.”Schumer last Thursday accused Republicans of “manufactured outrage” about his remarks, but Schumer also said he should not have used the words he used in reference to Justices Gorsuch and Kavanaugh.
Share on: WhatsApp Paris, France | AFP | After a record-breaking transfer window in Europe came to a close on Friday in Spain, AFP Sports lists the 20 biggest moves of the summer:1. 222 million euros ($264m) — Neymar (BRA) — Barcelona (ESP) to Paris Saint-Germain (FRA)2. 180m euros (loan with option to buy) — Kylian Mbappe (FRA) — Monaco (FRA) to Paris Saint-Germain (FRA)3. 105m euros (rising to a possible 147m) — Ousmane Dembele (FRA) — Borussia Dortmund (GER) to Barcelona (ESP)4. 85m euros — Romelu Lukaku (BEL) — Everton (ENG) to Manchester United (ENG)5. 80m euros — Alvaro Morata (ESP) — Real Madrid (ESP) to Chelsea (ENG)6. 58m euros — Benjamin Mendy (FRA) — Monaco (FRA) to Manchester City (ENG)7. 53m euros (rising to possible 60m) — Alexandre Lacazette (FRA) — Lyon (FRA) to Arsenal (ENG)8. 51.9m euros — Naby Keita (GUI) — RB Leipzig (GER) to Liverpool (ENG)9. 51m euros (rising to possible 57m) — Kyle Walker (ENG) — Tottenham Hotspur (ENG) to Manchester City (ENG)10. 50m euros — Bernardo Silva (POR) — Monaco (FRA) to Manchester City (ENG) 11. 49.4m euros — Gylfi Sigurdsson (ISL) — Swansea City (ENG) to Everton (ENG)12. 45.8m euros — Davinson Sanchez (COL) — Ajax (NED) to Tottenham Hotspur (ENG)13. 45m euros — Tiemoue Bakayoko (FRA) — Monaco (FRA) to Chelsea (ENG)14. 44.7m euros — Nemanja Matic (SRB) — Chelsea (ENG) to Manchester United (ENG)15. 42m euros (rising to a possible 50m) — Mohamed Salah (EGY) — Roma (ITA) to Liverpool (ENG)16. 41.5m euros (rising to a possible 47.5m) — Corentin Tolisso (FRA) — Lyon (FRA) to Bayern Munich (GER)17. 40m euros — Leonardo Bonucci (ITA) — Juventus (ITA) to AC Milan (ITA)=. 40m euros — Paulinho (BRA) — Guangzhou Evergrande (CHN) to Barcelona (ESP)=. 40m euros — Ederson (BRA) — Benfica (POR) to Manchester City (ENG)20. 37.9m euros — Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain (ENG) – Arsenal (ENG) to Liverpool (ENG)
Algae blooms in the state’s rivers and other waterways have killed fish, irritated eyes and have shut down fishing, swimming, boating and other water activities.With that in mind, the bill puts forth a plan to more closely regulate onsite sewage treatment, upgrade leaky utility water lines and better manage farm fertilizers that currently wash into the state’s waterways. It also directs the Department of Environmental Protection to work with the University of Florida in order to recommend rules for preventing fertilizers from flowing from golf courses.“This is going to be a piece of legislation that we’re going to talk about decades from now as the starting point where we shifted gears and proved to people that we, as a state, are prepared to take on these big environmental issues,” said Republican Rep. Blaise Ingoglia. “Make no mistake about it, this is an historic piece of legislation.” In an ongoing effort to contain the blue-green algae blooms that have hurt Florida tourism and wildlife, the state legislature is sending Gov. Ron DeSantis a bill that proposes to reduce nutrients reaching our state’s waterways and groundwater.The bill, which is a priority for the governor, includes recommendations from a task force which was formed to address the algae problem that has plagued the state in recent years.The 77-page document addresses septic tanks, municipal wastewater treatment, storm water runoff, and farm fertilizers, among other items.“This bill actually advances water quality in Florida in a real substantive way. I mean, I think I’m going to cry, I’m so excited,” said Democratic Rep. Margaret Good before the House unanimously approved the bill. “Clean water and water quality are so important to Florida.”The Florida Senate unanimously passed the bill two weeks ago.
ARCADIA, Calif. (March 4, 2015)–America’s top rated older horse, once-beaten Shared Belief, towers over a field of 13 older horses set to compete in the 78th running of the Grade I, $1 million Santa Anita Handicap presented by San Manuel Indian Bingo & Casino at a mile and quarter this Saturday.With his only defeat coming as the result of a controversial start in the $5 million Breeders’ Cup Classic on Nov. 1, Shared Belief comes off a facile win over reigning Horse of the Year California Chrome in the Grade II, 1 1/8 miles San Antonio Invitational on Feb. 7, his ninth win from 10 career starts.A 4-year-old Kentucky-bred gelding by Candy Ride, Shared Belief has tactical speed, tremendous heart and has proven himself at 1 ¼ miles, as he was an impressive 2 ¾ length winner of the Grade I Pacific Classic, run over synthetic polytrack, on Aug. 24 at Del Mar.A 1 ½ length victor over California Chrome in the San Antonio, he hit the wire with his ears pricked and it appeared regular rider Mike Smith had plenty in reserve. Owned in-part and trained by Jerry Hollendorfer, Shared Belief is based at Golden Gate Fields on the East San Francisco Bay, with Hollendorfer’s wife, Janet. As is his custom, Shared Belief worked Tuesday morning with Russell Baze up, covering a half mile in 50.80, and vanned to Santa Anita Wednesday morning.Hollendorfer, who won the 2008 Big ‘Cap with Heatseeker, will be bidding for his second win in America’s longest continually run “Hundred Grander,” while Smith, who won the race in 2013 & ’14 with Game On Dude, will be seeking an unprecedented third consecutive Big ‘Cap win.In addition to Hollendorfer, Shared Belief is owned by Jim and Janet Rome’s Jungle Racing, LLC, KMN Racing, LLC, Alex Solis II, Jason Litt and George Todaro. Shared Belief, who ended up running a very respectable fourth, beaten 3 ¾ lengths in the Breeders’ Cup Classic, has earnings of $2,332,200.Trainer John Sadler seeks his first-ever Santa Anita Handicap win with Louisiana invader Hard Aces, who comes off a rousing four length minor stakes win going 1 1/16 miles at Fair Grounds in New Orleans on Jan. 17. The 5-year-old horse by Hard Spun earned a career-best 104 Beyer Speed figure and was sold privately to Sadler’s main client, Hronis Racing, LLC. A winner of five races from 19 starts, Hard Aces has a stalking style and will be trying 1 ¼ miles for the first time. He’ll be ridden by Victor Espinoza and he has earnings of $215,145.The formidable trainer/rider combination of Richard Mandella and Gary Stevens will combine forces with Argentine-bred Catch a Flight, who comes off a neck victory in a 1 1/8 miles allowance test at Santa Anita on Feb. 13. A 5-year-old horse by Giant’s Causeway, Catch a Flight, who was a 7 ½ length allowance winner going 1 3/16 miles in Brazil a year ago, will make his third stateside start in the Big ‘Cap and he appears on the improve for Mandella, who has thought highly of him since his arrival last fall.A physically imposing bay, Catch a Flight has seven wins from 12 starts. Should he win on Saturday, Catch a Flight would provide Mandella with his fourth Big ‘Cap win, while Stevens would get his fifth.Trainer Neil Drysdale’s Chilean-bred Bronzo, who was ridden by Stevens in his last two starts on Jan. 10 and Feb. 7, will be handled for the first time by Tyler Baze on Saturday. A Group I winner in Chile 10 months ago, this 6-year-old gelding made his U.S. debut three starts back in the Grade I Breeders’ Cup Dirt Mile on Oct. 31, rallying from off the pace to finish fourth, beaten seven lengths by eventual Eclipse Champion miler Goldencents. Owned by Don Alberto Stable, Bronzo has two wins from three starts at a mile and a quarter and is 22-11-1-4 overall with earnings of $303,002. It’s expected Bronzo will lag early in the Big ‘Cap and hope to come running late.THE REMAINDER OF THE BIG ‘CAP FIELD: DYNAMIC SKY–Although this 5-year-old Canadian-bred has raced on turf in his last eight starts, he’s in good form and his connections, trainer Mark Casse and jockey Corey Nakatani, must be respected. Nakatani, who won back to back Big ‘Caps with Lava Man in 2006-07, has become a solid fit with Casse, who came to California on a full-time basis this past summer. A graded stakes winner on turf, distance is no question for this long-fused son of Sky Mesa, and one of his five career wins came on dirt.PATRIOTICANDPROUD–Also trained by Casse, he was a sharp second in a pair of Grade II turf stakes, the Hollywood Turf Cup and the San Gabriel Stakes on Nov. 27 and Jan. 3. However, he flattened out through the stetch in the Grade II San Marcos Stakes at 1 ¼ miles on turf Feb. 7. Although winless from four tries on dirt, the 6-year-old Proud Citizen gelding has proven effective at 1 ¼ miles and beyond on both turf and synthetic.COOL SAMURAI–This lightly raced 4-year-old gelding comes off a good second place finish in a one mile allowance behind stakes winner Midnight Hawk on Feb. 6 and has done little wrong for the “Zenyatta connections” of owner/breeders Jerry and Ann Moss and trainer John Shirreffs. Although he’s been a attentive to the pace in his last three starts, Cool Samurai rallied from far off the pace to break his maiden going a flat mile in his second start on Dec. 27, 2013, and new pilot Aaron Gryder may opt to employ similar tactics when trying a mile and a quarter for the first time on Saturday. He’s 6-2-2-1 overall with earnings of $112,750.SR. QUISQUEYANO–A winner of the 1 1/8 miles Sunshine Millions Classic versus Florida-breds on Jan. 17 at Gulfstream Park, this 5-year-old horse by Exclusive Quality earned a career best 102 Beyer Speed figure and will thus make his Southern California debut in the Big ‘Cap. Trained by Florida-based Peter Walder, Sr. Quisqueyano has an impressive overall resume of 29-8-6-3, with earnings of $713,560. Owned by Loooch Racing Stables, Inc., he’ll be ridden for the first time by Joe Talamo.MORENO–Dedicated front-runner has been idle since well beaten in the Breeders’ Cup Classic Nov. 1, a race in which he was slammed hard at the break and taken out of his preferred, pacesetting game. A Grade I winning 5-year-old gelding by Ghostzapper, he’s a fresh and potentially dangerous horse who could try to steal away on a lonely lead. An upset winner of the Grade I, 1 1/8 miles Whitney Stakes at Saratoga four starts back on Aug. 2, he has an overall mark of 23-3-7-3. Owned by Southern Equine Stables, LLC and trained by Eric Guillot, Moreno has earnings of $1,834,940.CRIMSON GIANT–By any accounting, he’s a giant enigma, as his lone win came 57 starts back on Nov. 6, 2011. A 6-year-old California-bred gelding by Formal Gold, Crimson Giant comes off the best race of his career, a nose defeat in a third condition one mile allowance on Feb. 20. Trained by Charlie Stutts and owned by his breeder, Bryan Carney, Crimson Giant earned a career-best 88 Beyer Speed figure when ridden for the first time by apprentice Brandon Boulanger. A maiden $40,000 claiming winner on Nov. 6, 2011, the ever-busy Crimson Giant, who will be making his seventh start of the current Winter Meet, is 66-1-5-15 overall with earnings of $172,642.IMPERATIVE–Although he earned more than $1.2 million last year following a $50,000 claim on Dec. 21, 2013, this 5-year-old gelding by Bernardini has tailed off badly of late, as he’s lost his last three races, the Grade I Breeders’ Cup Classic on Nov. 1, the Group I Champions Cup in Japan on Dec. 7, and the Grade II San Antonio Invitational on Feb. 7, by a combined 33 ¼ lengths. Trained by George Papaprodromou and owned by KM Racing Enterprise, Inc., he has two third place finishes from four tries at 1 ¼ miles and would seem best suited if he can get a stalking trip. Imperative is 22-3-4-3 overall with earnings of $1,340,870.YOU KNOW I KNOW–Trainer John Sadler’s “Avis” choice, he basically split the field in the nine-horse San Antonio on Feb. 7, finishing 8 ½ lengths behind Shared Belief. He gets in light with 115 pounds and will be ridden back by newly turned journeyman Drayden Van Dyke. Well beaten by Shared Belief two starts back in the Grade I, 1 ¼ miles Pacific Classic on Aug. 24, he was third, beaten 8 ½ lengths, in the 2013 Pacific Classic. A deep closer, he’ll hope for a fast early pace. Owned by Chacon and Mangini, Jr., the 6-year-old gelding by Simon Pure is 25-5-1-6 overall with earnings of $398,355.DIAMOND BACHELOR–An impeccably bred 4-year-old colt by War Front, he has yet to meet expectations. A good second two starts back on turf in the Grade II, 1 ¼ miles San Marcos Stakes Feb. 7, he exits a disappointing seventh place run in a 1 ¼ miles turf allowance Feb. 27. Although he has yet to validate his $570,000 2-year-old in training sale purchase price, he has plenty of natural speed and will be ridden by Martin Pedroza, who pulled off a 50-1 shocker in the 1989 ‘Big Cap with Martial Law. Trained by Patrick Biancone, Diamond Bachelor has two wins from 17 starts and earnings of $189,270.The complete field for the Santa Anita Handicap, to be run as the 11th and final race Saturday, with jockeys, weights and morning line odds in post position order: Cool Samurai, Aaron Gryder, 114, 30-1; Diamond Bachelor, Martin Pedroza, 114, 50-1; Sr. Quisqueyano, Joe Talamo, 115, 10-1; Dynamic Sky, Corey Nakatani, 117, 15-1; Shared Belief, Mike Smith, 125, 3-5; Moreno, Santiago Gonzalez, 121, 6-1; Patrioticandproud, Elvis Trujillo, 116, 20-1; You Know I Know, Drayden Van Dyke, 115, 30-1; Crimson Giant, Brandon Boulanger, 114, 50-1; Imperative, Kent Desormeaux, 117, 30-1; Bronzo, Tyler Baze, 117, 10-1; Catch a Flight, Gary Stevens, 114, 12-1, and Hard Aces, Victor Espinoza, 115, 12-1.
Delighted Derby County boss Steve McClaren hailed Simon Dawkins after his team’s 5-2 victory at Fulham.Dawkins scored twice in the Rams’ Capital One Cup fourth-round win at Craven Cottage, where they stormed back from two down.He put them ahead with a thumping strike after cutting in from the left and later cheekily flicked the ball in at the near post.McClaren said: “I love him. As a player that’s what he can do. He was positive in the second half and he got his rewards.“He gives us good balance on that left-hand side as he’s got a good understanding wth Craig Forsyth, Craig Bryson and Chris Martin. When he’s fit he’s a hell of a player.”Fulham looked to be heading for the quarter-finals after Moussa Dembele’s first senior goals.But Martin pulled a goal back with a penalty in the final seconds of the first half and Derby were excellent after the break.McClaren, who said he thought Fulham caretaker boss Kit Symons should be given the manager’s job, admitted: “The importance of the goal just before half-time can’t be overstated. It gave us a lifeline.”See also:Fulham out after Derby goal blitzFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Dubbed NEXT STOP SOUTH AFRICA campaign, the delegation will consist of senior officials from the departments of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Trade and Industry and will be collaborating with the South African Foreign Mission in Saudi Arabia, while South African Airways would sponsor certain aspects of travel and promotions. They will be accompanied by members of the International Marketing Council of South Africa (IMC), a private sector organization responsible for the territory’s country branding initiative.The visit confirms the growing importance of the Gulf Region for South African business and investment and the strength of bilateral relations with key countries in the region.Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 1994 both President Thabo Mbeki and former President Nelson Mandela have made official visits to Doha. The Emir of Qatar paid a state visit to South Africa in May 2002, which led to the opening of embassies in the respective countries.The South African delegation will be in the Gulf Region from 13 to 23 February during which time the delegation will also visit Saudi Arabia, Oman and both Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.On the agenda are meetings and discussions with local business communities as well as workshops on tourism, trade and investment opportunities in South Africa.These events would also be utilized to allay fears about the state of crime in the country and elaborate on strategies championed by government’s security establishments that are successfully combating crime.“The Middle East is becoming an important trade zone for South Africa. It holds great potential for South Africa as an export market, and serves as a potential strategic source of foreign direct investment. Bilateral trade with the Middle East has grown significantly since 1994. Because of South Africa’s energy imports, it has a large trade deficit with the region” says Ms Bulelwa Seti, Chief Director for Tourism Support at the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, who will be leading the delegation.The region also has profound cultural and religious resonance with millions of South Africans who adhere to Islam. The cultural, religious, historical and strategic affinity between this region and northern part of Africa itself makes it important in the context of Africa’s renewal and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).South African exports to Qatar had a total value of (South African Rand) 124 million in 2006 and consisted mainly of base metals, chemicals and machinery. Over the same period imports from Qatar totaled just over R1 billion – dominated by the chemical sector and plastics.South Africa and Qatar are also involved in a joint US $ 1 billion fuel grade methanol project. The plant will begin production in 2008 of 12,000 to 15,000 metric tons per day of fuel grade methanol for power generation.“There has been significant tourism investments flowing into South Africa from Middle East investors on the acquisition of hospitality properties while there are significant new opportunities opening up in the leisure and hospitality industries as well as in the construction and engineering sectors” says Patience Molokoza, Director, International Tourism Relations at the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.The 2010 FIFA Soccer World Cup will focus global attention on South Africa as a preferred destination for tourism, trade and investment. Thus the delegation will inform the Saudi business community and government about new opportunities opening up in South Africa and reaffirm the fact that the country is an entry point into a large regional market of more than 180 million people in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region.The ASGISA initiative (Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative) focuses on South Africa’s competitive edge in a number of key industries such as tourism, business process outsourcing, international call-centres, information and communication technology, agribusiness and synthetic fuels.South Africa is currently in the early stage of a period significant economic growth and expansion. Thus this mission would seek to encourage investors from Saudi Arabia to grasp the investment opportunities that are currently available to them that will enable them to reap the benefits in the years to come.This visit to the Gulf will be the third trade mission organised and supported by the IMC. This follows very successful missions to North America in 2004 and to Europe and the United Kingdom in 2005.Issued by Meropa Communications for the Brand South Africa Mission in the Gulf Region, 13-23 February 2007.
THE inauguration of South Africa’s President-elect, Jacob Zuma, will take place at the Nelson Mandela Amphitheatre at the Union Buildings in Pretoria. Public viewing events have been arranged across the country so South Africans can watch the ceremony. Last year Zuma appointed an inter-ministerial committee to plan for the inauguration ceremony, to take place on 24 May 2014.“We are satisfied with the progress made thus far. The logistical arrangements are proceeding well and we look forward to an exciting and successful inauguration ceremony,” said acting minister in the Presidency, Nathi Mthethwa.Public viewing events will take place at these venues in each of the provinces:Eastern Cape: Local Municipality Venue Nelson Mandela Bay, Uitenhage area Kamesh Blue Crane Route Municipality Cookhouse Buffalo City Metro, East London area Duncan Village Mnquma Qhina Village, Centane Inkwanca Molteno Town Hall Senqu Sterkspruit Ntabankulu Lunzwane VillageFree State: Local Municipality Venue Dihlabeng Bohlokong Community Hall – Bethlehem Moqhaka Matlwantlwang Community Hall – Steynsrus Tswelopele Phahameng Community Hall – Bultfontein Mohokare Rolleathunya Community Hall – Rouxville Mangaung Metro Glen Community Hall – BloemfonteinGauteng: Local Municipality Venue Mogale City Smokedown Informal settlement, Krugersdorp Tshwane Filadelfia Secondary School for the Disabled: Soshanguve Ekurhuleni Mary Moodley Place of Safety: BenoniLimpopo: Local Municipality Venue Lepelle Nkumpi Lebowakgomo Stadium Modimolle Northam Community Hall Tzaneen Bulamahlo TSC Thulamela University of Venda Tubatse Mapodile TSCKwaZulu-Natal: Local Municipality Venue Richmond Richmond Town Hall Ubuthlebezwe To be confirmed Clermont Archie Gumede Thusong Service Centre Ndwewdwe Johnny Makhatini Civic Centre Emadlangeni Bensdorp Town Hall Umhlabuyalingana Mbazwana Library Auditorium Emnambithi Ladysmith Municipality Ezakheni uLundi LM James Nxumalo CollegeMpumalanga: Local Municipality Venue Thembisile Hani Kwaggafontein Community Hall Mkhondo Eziphunzini Community Hall Bushbuckridge Shatale Community HallNorth West: Local Municipality Venue Moses Kotane Mogwase FET College Ratlou Setlagole Community Hall Kagisano Molopo Kgokgojane Thusong Service Centre Ventersdorp Tshedimosetso Thusong Service CentreNorthern Cape: Local Municipality Venue Gasegonyana Kuruman Umsobomvu ColesbergNamakhoiSpringbok taxi rankMierUpingtonWestern Cape: Local Municipality Venue Matzikama Vredendal North Thusong Centre Drakenstein Mbekweni Thusong Centre Hall Theewaterskloof Gerald Hall (to be confirmed) Bitou Piesang Hall Beaufort West Beaufort West Recreation Hall City of Cape Town (Ward 29) Mamre Community Hall More resources from Brand South AfricaMedia are invited to visit SouthAfrica.info and Media Club South Africa for further resources that can be reproduced without any copyright infringement. Kindly attribute to Brand South Africa. Join the conversationFollow Brand South AfricaTell us how you Play Your PartFacebook: www.facebook.com/BrandSouthAfricaFacebook: www.facebook.com/PlayYourPartTwitter: @Brand_SATwitter: @PlayYourPartSAWebsite: www.brandsouthafrica.comWebsite: www.playyourpart.co.za ContactFor more information or to set up interviews, please contact:Sandisiwe GugushePublic Relations International: Brand South AfricaTel: +27 11 483 0122 Mobile: +27 (0) 73 126 9128Email: [email protected]
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Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A Purdue University study shows that honeybees collect the vast majority of their pollen from plants other than crops, even in areas dominated by corn and soybeans, and that pollen is consistently contaminated with a host of agricultural and urban pesticides throughout the growing season.Christian Krupke, professor of entomology, and then-postdoctoral researcher Elizabeth Long collected pollen from Indiana honeybee hives at three sites over 16 weeks to learn which pollen sources honeybees use throughout the season and whether they are contaminated with pesticides.The pollen samples represented up to 30 plant families and contained residues from pesticides spanning nine chemical classes, including neonicotinoids — common corn and soybean seed treatments that are toxic to bees. The highest concentrations of pesticides in bee pollen, however, were pyrethroids, insecticides typically used to control mosquitoes and other nuisance pests.“Although crop pollen was only a minor part of what they collected, bees in our study were exposed to a far wider range of chemicals than we expected,” Krupke said. “The sheer numbers of pesticides we found in pollen samples were astonishing. Agricultural chemicals are only part of the problem. Homeowners and urban landscapes are big contributors, even when hives are directly adjacent to crop fields.”Long, now an assistant professor of entomology at The Ohio State University, said she was also “surprised and concerned” by the diversity of pesticides found in pollen.“If you care about bees as a homeowner, only use insecticides when you really need to because bees will come into contact with them,” she said.The study suggests that overall levels of pesticide exposure for honeybees in the Corn Belt could be considerably higher than previously thought, Krupke said. This is partly because research efforts and media attention have emphasized neonicotinoids’ harmful effects on pollinators and their ability to travel and persist in the environment. Few studies, however, have examined how non-crop plants could expose bees to other classes of pesticides. Looking at Midwestern honeybees’ environment through this wider lens and over an entire season could provide more accurate insights into what bees encounter as they forage, Krupke said.Krupke and Long collected pollen weekly from May to September from hives placed in a non-agricultural meadow, the border of a cornfield planted with neonicotinoid-treated seeds and the border of a cornfield planted with non-treated seeds. They waited to begin their collection until after growers had planted their crops to avoid the heavily contaminated dust that arises during the planting of neonicotinoid-coated seeds.The samples showed that honeybees collect the overwhelming majority of their pollen from uncultivated plants, particularly the plant family that includes clover and alfalfa.The researchers found 29 pesticides in pollen from the meadow site, 29 pesticides in pollen from the treated cornfield and 31 pesticides in pollen from the untreated cornfield.“These findings really illustrate how honeybees are chronically exposed to numerous pesticides throughout the season, making pesticides an important long-term stress factor for bees,” Long said.The most common chemical products found in pollen from each site were fungicides and herbicides, typical crop disease and weed management products.Of the insecticides, neonicotinoids and pyrethroids were the most common in the pollen samples and pose the highest risks to bees, Krupke said. While both are toxic to bees, they differ in their relative risk levels. Neonicotinoids are more poisonous to bees but are primarily used on agricultural land. Conversely, pyrethroids are typically used where pollinators are likely to be — near homes and gardens with a diversity of flowering plants — potentially exposing bees to higher levels of chemicals and on a more frequent basis. The study showed distinct spikes of pyrethroids in August and September, months when many homeowners spray these chemicals to knock out mosquitoes, hornets and other nuisance pests. Pollen from all three sites also contained DEET, the active ingredient in most insect repellants.Krupke said that little is known about how these diverse pesticides interact with one another to affect bees. The toxicity of insecticides, for example, can increase when combined with certain fungicides, themselves harmless to insects.The researchers did not assess colony health in this study.The study was published in Nature Communications on May 31 and is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11629.The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s North Central Regional Integrated Pest Management Program funded the research.