While they still affirm the safety of DEET, officials acknowledged that some people just don’t like the product. Alternatives have existedpicaridin was approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for US use years ago, a CDC official saidbut there was little commercial interest. With the advent of WNV, mosquito repellents are getting more attention. In two recent studies, oil of lemon eucalyptus provided about the same protection as low concentrations of DEET against mosquitoes found in the United States, according to the CDC. The substance, also known as PMD, is available in several products in the United States. The product has not been tested against mosquitoes that spread malaria and some other diseases that occur internationally, the agency says. CDC WNV pageshttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm “These additional repellents will help prepare people to prevent mosquito bites this summer,” Petersen said. Apr 28 CDC news releasehttp://www.cdc.gov/media/pressrel/r050428.htm CDC’s “Updated information regarding insect repellents”http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/RepellentUpdates.htm Most people who contract WNV experience no symptoms, but about 20 percent can have symptoms such as fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting. About 1 in 150 people can suffer a severe illness, which may involve high fever, stupor, coma, tremors, convulsions, vision loss, and paralysis, the CDC said. In 2004, 2,470 Americans fell ill with WNV and 88 of them died. However, milder cases are believed to be underreported, Petersen said. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials held a teleconference to announce they have endorsed the repellents picaridin and oil of lemon eucalyptus as effective tools for fending off mosquitoes that can carry WNV and other pathogens. “There are a great many people who are unprotected against mosquito bites,” she said. “West Nile Virus can be a terrible disease. It’s worthwhile to take those few seconds to reduce your risk of becoming infected.” Dec 29, 2004, CIDRAP News report on WNV activity in 2004http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/other/wnv/news/dec2904wnv.html Zielinski-Gutierrez said only about 40% of people reported using mosquito repellent when surveyed late last year. Use in the Pacific Northwest and among Latinos is particularly low, she added. Both picaridin and the plant-based oil of lemon eucalyptus are EPA-approved for use as directed, said Dr. Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, a behavioral scientist with the CDC’s VID division. Picaridin, also known as KBR 3023, will be sold as “Cutter Advanced.” The substance provides protection that is “often comparable with DEET products of similar concentration,” a CDC news release says. See also: Both chemicals have been used successfully in other countries, said Dr. Lyle Petersen, director of CDC’s division of Vectorborne Infectious Diseases (VID). They are comparable to varying levels of DEET, the chief repellent that has been used in the United States. And both have been approved by the Environmental Protection Agency. A CDC fact sheet on insect repellents says DEET and picaridin have shown a higher level of efficacy in peer-reviewed studies than other repellents the EPA has approved for safety and efficacy. CDC’s new advice reflects a concern that more people need to take precautions against WNV, a mosquito-borne disease that has spread to 47 of the 48 contiguous states since first appearing on US soil in New York City in 1999. Washington state is the holdout, but Petersen said he wouldn’t be surprised to see WNV appear there this year. April 28, 2005 (CIDRAP News) Just in time for mosquito season, federal health officials today heralded the addition of new defensive weapons against West Nile Virus (WNV): two non-DEET mosquito repellents. Today’s recommendation marks a policy shift for CDC, which has long recommended DEET-containing products to repel mosquitoes. In fact, the CDC’s WNV page still contained a graphic of DEET this afternoon with the words, “Remember to use repellent with DEET when spending time outdoors.” Petersen said localized outbreaks of WNV are hard to predict and may depend on weather and other factors. That’s one reason personal vigilance is the key to good protection. The CDC recommends that people use insect repellent anytime they go outside during mosquito season, especially at night, when mosquitoes are most active.
Investor body Shareholders for Change (SfC) has criticised telecoms giant Vodafone for its tax policy, in one of the group’s first actions since launching last year.True to SfC’s promise to “name and shame” one large company on tax policy, the collaboration of small European institutions published a report on the European telecommunication industry at its winter meeting in Paris.In the aptly named Bad Connection report, Vodafone was lauded for reporting country-specific data on its profit sources. Such a regional breakdown has been recommended by the OECD to counteract multi-national corporations minimising their taxable base and shifting profits between jurisdictions.While Vodafone’s transparency on that front was welcomed by the shareholder engagement group, it criticised the company for reporting most of its profits in Malta and Luxembourg, low-tax countries where Vodafone has the fewest employees. “A lack of transparency and shifting profits are a risk for all investors as this puts companies at risk of fines and investigations by tax authorities,” said Rainer Ladentrog, engagement manager at the Fair-Finance Vorsorgekasse, the Austrian founding member of SfC.He added that these tax policies had “deeper ethical repercussions” as they “often drastically reduced tax income both for emerging markets as well as developed countries”.Ethos joins SfCTwo new members were welcomed by SfC: Switzerland’s Ethos Foundation and the Friends Provident Foundation from the UK.Ethos is itself a shareholder engagement platform for around 230 Swiss pension funds with combined assets under management of CHF260bn (€231bn).In a statement Ethos, which was founded by pension funds in 1997, said joining SfC was an opportunity to “increase engagement activities with European companies on topics important to Swiss Pensionskassen” in their investments in international equities.The other new joiner was the Friends Provident Foundation with £33m (€36.6m) in assets under management and a 15-year track record of engaging with UK companies.SfC was founded in 2017 by seven smaller institutional investors from Germany, Italy, France, Spain and Austria, with around €22bn of assets under management in total.The platform wants to help smaller investors to be heard at annual general meetings or other engagement forums.
Pattaya United’s free scoring Toyota Cup form was brought to a disappointing halt last Saturday at the Nongprue Stadium as they were held to a goalless home draw by Yamaha Division 1 strugglers Krabi FC. United failed to get into top gear in a lackluster first half showing and Krabi were unlucky not to take a 1-0 advantage into the halftime break as only the Pattaya woodwork denied them a deserved lead. United’s best chance fell to midfielder Phicha Au-Tra but his shot was well smothered by Krabi keeper Anusorn Chansod.Pattaya United FC line up for their Yamaha Division 1 match against Krabi FC at the Nongprue Stadium in Pattaya, Saturday, April 25.The Dolphins tried to inject more urgency into their play in the second half but they appeared to be suffering a post Songkran hangover and most of their build up play and passing remained sloppy at best. Defender Lee Won-young went close to giving Pattaya the lead but his close range header flew just over the Krabi crossbar bar and then Komazec saw his low shot from the edge of the area superbly tipped around the post by Chansod. It was to be the nearest United came to breaking the deadlock and they had to be content with a single point that leaves them in ninth place in the league standings, nine points behind leaders Police United.Pattaya were due to play an away match at Bangkok FC this past Wednesday, and this coming Saturday will take on TTM Lopburi at the Nongprue Stadium. Kick-off is scheduled for 6 p.m.In the Thai Premier League, Chonburi FC continued their shaky start to the season with a 2-2 draw away at Bangkok Glass last Sunday. The ‘Sharks’ twice took the lead through second half goals from Leandro and Cho Byung-Kuk but each time they were pegged back by strikes from Goshi Okubo and Lazarus Kaimbi, the latter’s goal coming late in stoppage time.Chonburi have now slipped to thirteenth position in the top flight standings with only eight points from their first seven league matches. The Sharks were due to take on Thai Port FC on Wednesday and will travel to league leaders Suphanburi this coming Sunday, May 3.