Diego Costa scored his first European goal for Chelsea to all but set the seal on a winning start to their Champions League campaign.The Spain striker hooked a terrific volley into the top corner on 58 minutes to end his drought in the competition.His previous Champions League goal had come at Stamford Bridge for Atletico Madrid in their 3-1 semi-final victory in April 2014.The Blues, ahead at half-time through Willian’s fortuitous free-kick and an Oscar penalty, began the second half as they ended the first, on the front foot.But Chelsea survived a scare when Avarham Rikan’s volley took a couple of slight deflections and spun just past the far post.However they extended their lead thanks to Costa’s first-time effort from Cesc Fabregas’ cross.Chelsea: Begovic; Azpilicueta, Zouma, Cahill (c), Baba; Loftus-Cheek, Fabregas; Willian (Costa 22), Oscar (Ramires 64), Hazard; Remy.Subs: Blackman, Terry, Ivanovic, Matic, Traore.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
After the flap over the “missing link” Ida last week (05/19/2009), paleontologist Christopher Beard warned about how such stunts damage scientific credibility. “The only thing we have going for us that Hollywood and politicians don’t is objectivity,” he told Science magazine.1 Can the public trust the objectivity of scientists as a class? Do they get more credibility points than other groups of professionals? Do the processes of scientific publication warrant a higher level of trust? A study reported on Science Daily may shake that trust. “In the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE,2 Daniele Fanelli of the University of Edinburgh reports the first meta-analysis of surveys questioning scientists about their misbehaviours” (a meta-analysis is a study of the studies). “The results suggest that altering or making up data is more frequent than previously estimated and might be particularly high in medical research,” the article began. It says that the well-publicized cases of fraud “could be just the tip of the iceberg, because fraud and other more subtle forms of misconduct might be relatively frequent.” Fanelli began her report with these unsettling words:This pristine image of science is based on the theory that the scientific community is guided by norms including disinterestedness and organized scepticism, which are incompatible with misconduct. Increasing evidence, however, suggests that known frauds are just the “tip of the iceberg”, and that many cases are never discovered.She found only 2% who admitted to falsifying research, but many more – 34% – who admitted to other forms of scientific misconduct. These include distorting data, fabricating data, plagiarism, and “cooking” the data – which Charles Babbage defined in 1830 as: “an art of various forms, the object of which is to give to ordinary observations the appearance and character of those of the highest degree of accuracy.” Some scientists remove anomalous data points, for instance, based on a gut feeling that they cannot be correct. Babbage’s remark reveals that scientific misconduct is nothing new. The percentages of misconduct Fanelli found, however, show it is a bigger problem than often believed. She explained why her findings are likely underestimates:All the above estimates are calculated on the number of frauds that have been discovered and have reached the public domain. This significantly underestimates the real frequency of misconduct, because data fabrication and falsification are rarely reported by whistleblowers (see Results), and are very hard to detect in the data. Even when detected, misconduct is hard to prove, because the accused scientists could claim to have committed an innocent mistake. Distinguishing intentional bias from error is obviously difficult, particularly when the falsification has been subtle, or the original data destroyed. In many cases, therefore, only researchers know if they or their colleagues have wilfully distorted their data.Instances of misconduct fall into the categories of fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. These, in turn, can affect data collection, test results, and interpretation of findings. Misconduct can be subtle. A scientist might intentionally omit publication of results, use a biased methodology, or mislead a reporter. And these are only aspects of scientific misconduct dealing with intent to deceive. What would the percentages be if unconscious biases, group pressure, and human fallibility (e.g., 05/04/2009) were factored in?1. Ann Gibbons, “Celebrity Fossil Primate: Missing Link or Weak Link?”, 05/19/2009), Science 29 May 2009: 324:5931, pp. 1124-1125, DOI: 10.1126/science.324_1124.2. Daniele Fanelli, “How Many Scientists Fabricate and Falsify Research? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Survey Data,” Public Library of Science One 4(5): e5738; doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005738.Many of us have grown up with an unrealistic image of science. The scientist is supposed to be the honest, objective, unbiased, sincere seeker of the truth in a white lab coat, using a scientific method (whatever that is) guaranteed to sift the kernel of empirical fact from the chaff of subjectivity. And even if he or she fails, the scientific community, with its rigorous demands for PhD certification and its peer review process, catches any mistakes before publication. Don’t be deceived. Real scientists often wear denim and are as fallible as the rest of us. The same goals of integrity should apply to any professional endeavor, whether theology, philosophy, political science, economics, art, or car repair. Real science is often rewarded according to what works. It’s not an ultimate source of understanding. If your model or equation gets you to the moon, great. If your pill cures a disease, terrific. Repeatability adds credibility. Science is probably the best method civilization has devised for finding workable answers to physical questions. When it comes to understanding the world, or ourselves, or our past, scientists (like other humans) often draw inferences that go far beyond the evidence (e.g., attempting to describe the “evolution of altruism,” 05/13/2009). Scientists are often chained to paradigms. Peer pressure and ingrained ideologies prevent them from straying outside the paradigm, or from even asking different questions than their peers consider worthwhile (e.g., 05/27/2009 on human evolution). Add to that the temptations of money and prestige, and the clear liberal bias of the scientific institutions (05/18/2009, 12/02/2004) and it’s a wonder you can trust anything the scientific community says. But even in the most optimistic view of science (and science admittedly does have many practical successes in its win column), the practice of science is dead in the water without character. Honesty, integrity, love of the truth: these are fundamental requirements for science. Do you learn those things in science class? Do you discover them with the scientific method? Do you envision them as chance inventions of imaginary ape ancestors? Obviously not. Those things must be in place before you even begin following the desire to become a scientist. You learn those things in church – specifically, in a church that teaches its children, teens and parents about a moral Creator who commanded, “Thou shalt not bear false witness.” True scientists must have the moral courage to stand alone against all their peers when they discover things that contradict the groupthink of their institutions. Since the money-grubbing, religion-bashing, atheistic, politically liberal, Darwin-worshipping scientific institutions of today are almost uniformly allied against the Source of truth, do your part to help improve the statistics on scientific integrity. Do your part to help scientists tune in to that inner voice of conscience. Take a scientist to church.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Jammu and Kashmir Police on Sunday said three people, alleged conspirators in the July 10 attack on Amarnath pilgrims, have been arrested by its Special Investigation Team (SIT).The men provided logistical help to four Lashker-e-Taiba (LeT) militants who carried out the attack that left eight people dead, IGP Munir Khan told the media here.The men, who had allegedly helped the four terrorists by providing them with vehicles and shelter, were arrested recently and taken into remand for further questioning, the police said.The police said the four LeT militants, led by Abu Ismail, a Pakistani national, had attempted an attack on Amarnath pilgrims on July 9, but were frustrated by heavy security arrangements.Another militant in the group of four had been identified as Yawar, a local recruiter for the LeT, the police said. Efforts are on to identify the other two, believed to be Pakistanis. The police also released pictures of Abu Ismail and Yawar.The the three “co-conspirators”— Bilal Ahmed Reshi, Aizaj Wagey and Zahoor Ahmed — had carried out reconnaissance exercises and chosen Botengo near Khanbal as the spot where the attack could be carried out, the police added.The trio had also provided shelter to the four militants in Khudwani and Sriguffwara of South Kashmir, Khan said. Bilal’s elder brother Adil, an alleged Lashker-e-Taiba terrorist, was killed by security forces earlier this year.The Jammu and Kashmir Police had constituted an SIT led by Deputy Inspector General (South Kashmir) Swayam Prakash Pani to probe the attack on the pilgrims.
Nets: Brooklyn shot 20 for 41 from 3-point range, matching their season high for made 3-pointers. … F DeMarre Carroll (left knee) was not available. Atkinson said Carroll should return Wednesday at Cleveland.Raptors: Toronto has won five straight. … This was the first of six consecutive home games for the Raptors, who don’t play on the road against until March 3 at Detroit. … Musician Sting attended the game.CHANGING OF THE GUARDSRaptors guard Fred VanVleet was not available. Before the game, the Raptors said VanVleet will miss at least three weeks because of a ligament injury in his left thumb. VanVleet was hurt in the second quarter of Saturday’s win at New York.Toronto acquired some insurance at the point guard position Monday when they agreed to sign veteran Jeremy Lin, who is being waived by the Atlanta Hawks. Lin will sign with Toronto later this week, said Jim Tanner, one of his agents.NOT CLICKING YETIn his second game since missing 42 with a right foot injury, Caris LeVert shot 3 for 11 and scored six points.“Is he clicking on all cylinders? No, but I don’t care, quite honestly,” Atkinson said.UP NEXTNets: Visit Cleveland on Wednesday night. SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town “I asked if he called ‘bank,’” Toronto coach Nick Nurse said. “He said he called ‘game.’”Leonard scored 30 points, Serge Ibaka had 18 points and 12 rebounds and Pascal Siakam scored 17 for the Raptors, who have won eight straight home meetings with the Nets.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesGasol scored 16 points, 11 in the fourth quarter, in his home debut after being acquired from Memphis last Thursday.“I definitely got more comfortable,” Gasol said of his big quarter. Toronto Raptors forward Kawhi Leonard (2) shots as Brooklyn Nets guard Treveon Graham (21) defends and Brooklyn Nets center Jarrett Allen (31) looks on during second half NBA basketball action in Toronto on Monday, Feb. 11, 2019. (Frank Gunn/The Canadian Press via AP)TORONTO — Marc Gasol was a winner in his first home game with the Toronto Raptors — thanks to a sweet shot by Kawhi Leonard.Leonard banked home the tiebreaking basket with 4.2 seconds remaining and the Raptors edged the Brooklyn Nets 127-125 on Monday night.ADVERTISEMENT Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting NBA looking into 76ers’ Ben Simmons talk with Lakers D’Angelo Russell scored 28 points and had a career-high 14 assists for Brooklyn. Joe Harris scored 24 points and made a career-best seven 3-pointers, but the Nets lost for the fifth time in six games.The Nets gave the ball to Russell on their final possession, but his long shot bounced off the rim and into Kyle Lowry’s hands.Lowry and Patrick McCaw each scored 13 for the Raptors, who have won 14 of 15 against Brooklyn.Allen Crabbe made six 3-pointers and scored 22 points, while Jarret Allen scored 15 for the Nets.Toronto led 120-114 on a 3 by Lowry at 2:45 of the fourth but Crabbe replied with back-to-back 3-pointers to tie it at 120 at 1:34.ADVERTISEMENT ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants LATEST STORIES Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations MOST READ PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Raptors: Host Washington on Wednesday night.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Russell hit a tiebreaking 3 with 50 seconds to go, but Danny Green answered with a 3 for the Raptors.With the teams tied at 92 to begin the fourth, Gasol scored 11 of Toronto’s first 13 points in the final quarter.“It was a heck of a stretch for him,” Nurse said. “Really fun, really impressive.”Nets coach Kenny Atkinson had praise for Gasol, too.“I thought he commanded in the post,” Atkinson said. “I could really see him anchoring that second unit and making them very dangerous.”Gasol received a standing ovation when he replaced Ibaka at 3:03 of the first.“It gives you the butterflies in your stomach,” Gasol said of the rousing welcome. “It made you feel like a rookie again. It’s a great feeling to have.”Harris made five of six from 3-point range in the first quarter and Brooklyn led 29-21 after one. The five 3-pointers are the most Harris has made in a single quarter, and matched his season high for an entire game.The Nets led 60-56 at halftime.TIP-INS Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments
Caretaker manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has confirmed that Nemanja Matic is out of today’s clash with Liverpool in the Premier League and will likely be sidelined for “a couple of weeks”.The 30-year-old midfielder has featured in 12 of Solskjaer’s 13 games in charge of Manchester United and will surely be missed in their big clash with rivals Liverpool at Old Trafford.Taking Matic’s place in the midfield is Scott McTominay after the Serbian was forced to withdraw due to an injury he sustained in training during the week.“He [Matic] got injured during one of the training sessions a few days ago,” Solskjaer told MUTV.”We tried to get him fit for the game but it was not to be. He will probably be out for a couple of weeks, but we will manage without him.”We tried to get him fit for the game but it was not to be. He will probably be out for a couple of weeks, but we will manage without him.“Scott has played in these games before. He is an Academy kid who knows the importance of this game. He has got some of the same attributes that Nemanja has, so I am sure he will slot in there and do well.”Matic was signed from Chelsea in 2017 by Jose Mourinho and has been an ever-present figure in the United line-up ever since.Liverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.But now Matic could be absent for United’s Premier League games against Crystal Palace and Southampton this week along with the return leg of their last-16 Champions League clash at Paris Saint-Germain on March 6, where Solskjaer’s side must overturn a 2-0 aggregate deficit.Although former assistant coach Rene Meulensteen recently spoke out against the Serbian by claiming that he’s too slow to be a decent midfield partner for Paul Pogba.Meanwhile, David de Gea has replaced Sergio Romero in goal for United’s game today against Liverpool.Team-Line UpsManchester United: De Gea, Young (captain), Smalling, Lindelof, Shaw, Herrera, McTominay, Pogba, Mata, Lukaku, Rashford.Subs: Romero, Bailly, Alexis, Lingard, A. Pereira, Fred, Dalot.Liverpool: Alisson, Matip, Van Dijk, Robertson, Milner, Wijnaldum, Henderson (captain), Fabinho, Mane, Salah, Firmino.Subs: Mignolet, Alexander-Arnold, Keita, Lallana, Shaqiri, Sturridge, Origi.