CDC expands bug repellent roster to fight West Nile

first_img While they still affirm the safety of DEET, officials acknowledged that some people just don’t like the product. Alternatives have existed—picaridin was approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for US use years ago, a CDC official said—but there was little commercial interest. With the advent of WNV, mosquito repellents are getting more attention. In two recent studies, oil of lemon eucalyptus provided about the same protection as low concentrations of DEET against mosquitoes found in the United States, according to the CDC. The substance, also known as PMD, is available in several products in the United States. The product has not been tested against mosquitoes that spread malaria and some other diseases that occur internationally, the agency says. CDC WNV pageshttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm “These additional repellents will help prepare people to prevent mosquito bites this summer,” Petersen said. Apr 28 CDC news releasehttp://www.cdc.gov/media/pressrel/r050428.htm CDC’s “Updated information regarding insect repellents”http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/RepellentUpdates.htm Most people who contract WNV experience no symptoms, but about 20 percent can have symptoms such as fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting. About 1 in 150 people can suffer a severe illness, which may involve high fever, stupor, coma, tremors, convulsions, vision loss, and paralysis, the CDC said. In 2004, 2,470 Americans fell ill with WNV and 88 of them died. However, milder cases are believed to be underreported, Petersen said. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials held a teleconference to announce they have endorsed the repellents picaridin and oil of lemon eucalyptus as effective tools for fending off mosquitoes that can carry WNV and other pathogens. “There are a great many people who are unprotected against mosquito bites,” she said. “West Nile Virus can be a terrible disease. It’s worthwhile to take those few seconds to reduce your risk of becoming infected.” Dec 29, 2004, CIDRAP News report on WNV activity in 2004http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/other/wnv/news/dec2904wnv.html Zielinski-Gutierrez said only about 40% of people reported using mosquito repellent when surveyed late last year. Use in the Pacific Northwest and among Latinos is particularly low, she added. Both picaridin and the plant-based oil of lemon eucalyptus are EPA-approved for use as directed, said Dr. Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, a behavioral scientist with the CDC’s VID division. Picaridin, also known as KBR 3023, will be sold as “Cutter Advanced.” The substance provides protection that is “often comparable with DEET products of similar concentration,” a CDC news release says. See also: Both chemicals have been used successfully in other countries, said Dr. Lyle Petersen, director of CDC’s division of Vectorborne Infectious Diseases (VID). They are comparable to varying levels of DEET, the chief repellent that has been used in the United States. And both have been approved by the Environmental Protection Agency. A CDC fact sheet on insect repellents says DEET and picaridin have shown a higher level of efficacy in peer-reviewed studies than other repellents the EPA has approved for safety and efficacy. CDC’s new advice reflects a concern that more people need to take precautions against WNV, a mosquito-borne disease that has spread to 47 of the 48 contiguous states since first appearing on US soil in New York City in 1999. Washington state is the holdout, but Petersen said he wouldn’t be surprised to see WNV appear there this year. April 28, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – Just in time for mosquito season, federal health officials today heralded the addition of new defensive weapons against West Nile Virus (WNV): two non-DEET mosquito repellents. Today’s recommendation marks a policy shift for CDC, which has long recommended DEET-containing products to repel mosquitoes. In fact, the CDC’s WNV page still contained a graphic of DEET this afternoon with the words, “Remember to use repellent with DEET when spending time outdoors.” Petersen said localized outbreaks of WNV are hard to predict and may depend on weather and other factors. That’s one reason personal vigilance is the key to good protection. The CDC recommends that people use insect repellent anytime they go outside during mosquito season, especially at night, when mosquitoes are most active.last_img read more

Dani Ceballos suffers injury during Arsenal vs Vitoria Europa League clash

first_imgThe former PSG coach, who is under mounting pressure, was in no mood to expand on his decision to promote Holding giving a spiky interview to BT Sport before the match,Asked why Holding was skippering the side, he said: ‘Why? Because he is.’More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalArsenal have won their opening three matches in Group F and a point in Guimaraes would virtually guarantee their place in the knockout stage of the competition.Emery’s side face Leicester on Saturday at the King Power stadium knowing a defeat could see them slip nine points off the top four pace heading into the international break.MORE: Arsenal fans claim Hector Bellerin mocked Unai Emery ahead of Europa League clash vs VitoriaMORE: Moped mugger admits trying to rob Arsenal stars Mesut Ozil and Sead Kolasinac Comment Metro Sport ReporterWednesday 6 Nov 2019 5:03 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Dani Ceballos suffered a hamstring injury against Vitoria (Picture: Getty)Dani Ceballos is a major doubt for Arsenal’s crucial match at Leicester on Saturday after he suffered a muscle injury against Vitoria.The Spain international, on loan at the north London club from Real Madrid until the end of the season, pulled up sharply five minutes into the second half and immediately asked to be taken off.Ceballos carried on for several minutes but was eventually replaced by Matteo Guendouzi with the scores level at 0-0 following another disjointed Arsenal performance.Unai Emery reverted to the 3-5-2 formation for the first time this season but the change of system failed to illicit a more cohesive display with the Gunners failing to register a shot on target during the opening period despite bossing possession.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTWith Granit Xhaka having been stripped of the captaincy and his replacement, Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, also left back in London, Emery handed the armband to Rob Holding.Unai Emery’s pre-match interview with BT. Safe to say he was not in a talkative mood. pic.twitter.com/EnSYNUYBKm— Charles Watts (@charles_watts) November 6, 2019 Dani Ceballos suffers injury during Arsenal vs Vitoria Europa League clash Advertisement Advertisementlast_img read more